You may make an NRI investment in India. Foreign nationals living abroad have nearly the same investment opportunities as Indian nationals. However, the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India have rules that must be followed (SEBI). You must also be aware of and abide by the laws of the nation where you now reside.

Direct Equity

Those living abroad have the opportunity to participate in India’s stock market. He can accomplish this by establishing a Portfolio Investment Scheme Account (or PIS Account for short). Any authorized stockbroker in India can set you up with a Demat account to use with this.

The long-term returns in the Indian stock market are strong, but the market is highly volatile. Investing in stocks can help your money grow faster than the rate of inflation.

Any product tied to the stock market carries a greater risk than bank deposits and individual retirement accounts. In other words, you should only choose after gathering all the relevant data.

The capital gains tax rate is 15% if the investment is sold within the first year. There is a 10% tax if the investment is sold during the first year.

While NRIs are allowed to create trading accounts, they are restricted from intraday stock trading and can only sell stocks that have been physically delivered to them.

Mutual Funds

The exceptions to this rule are the United States and Canada. NRIs from these countries can invest in Indian Mutual Funds. There are restrictions on the types of Mutual Funds that non-resident aliens (NRIs) from the United States and Canada can purchase. (sometimes additional information is requested during redemption, and sometimes it is asked for at the time of purchase, even by different fund houses).

An NRI can invest in equities funds, balanced funds, debt funds, liquid funds, or money market investment products (MIPs), depending on their risk tolerance.

Any profits from selling a non-equity mutual fund in less than three years will be treated as short-term capital gains. The rate is set at 30%.

Long-term gains are those from the sale of a non-equity fund that has accrued over three years. Assuming indexation maintains its current level, its effective tax rate will be 20%.

Mutual fund investments made by non-resident Indians (NRIs) are subject to tax deductions at the source (TDS), just as they are for Indian citizens living in India. Review This Detailed Post on TDS for NRIs and How to Claim a Refund

Long-term, the returns on quality Indian mutual funds can easily outpace inflation. Being managed by experts, they carry significantly less peril than investing directly in stocks.

Mutual fund investments can be made in several different ways. SIPs can be used for consistent savings, whereas SWPs can be used for constant spending.

If a non-resident Indian (NRI) has any source of income in India, one of the most popular tax-saving instruments is an ELSS or equity-linked savings scheme.

Real Estate

Foreign nationals are permitted to purchase both residential and commercial properties. In India, borrowers have access to mortgage loans that make it possible to invest in real estate. Non-Resident Indians cannot purchase stakes in farms, agricultural property, or plantations.

Careful investment in well-known assets can yield significant returns.

However, if there is paperwork or procedures to be completed, staying up-to-date from afar could be more accessible.

If you sell your home more than two years after you bought it, you’ll have a long-term capital gain and have to pay 20% tax on it.

Short-term gains, such as those realized when selling a home less than two years after the acquisition, are subject to a tax withholding rate of 30%. The Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) rate for buyers is 20%.

Purchasing residential real estate in India or purchasing Capital Gains Bonds qualifies you for a capital gains exemption under Section 54. Under Section 54EC, you can do so without paying any capital gains tax.

The Capital Gains Account Scheme of 1988 allows you to deposit your profits into a PSU bank or any bank. Use this deduction while submitting your taxes to earn a refund.

Although real estate was formerly a popular Best NRI Investment India option, in recent years, investors from outside India have begun to look at other financial vehicles, such as mutual funds.

The last ten years have been tough on property investors, but 2023 was looking up. House prices have increased because consumers desire to upgrade to more significant and better homes.

NRI Investment Options


Non-resident aliens can open accounts in the NPS. If you already have a PAN or Aadhaar card, you can use it to register an NPS account. To utilise, open an NRE or NRO account.

Point of Presence banks in India allows NRIs aged 18-60 to create NPS accounts. To what extent your money is invested in various assets is up to you. The investments will be allocated across asset classes according to your age if you don’t specify otherwise.


Portfolio Management Services, or PMS, are intricate and potentially dangerous. Mutual funds are an excellent option for 90% of individuals looking to gain exposure to the stock market. PMS is one of the best investments for non-resident Indians living in the United States who cannot invest in mutual funds due to tax implications (but after due diligence). Consider the expense and risk as well as the potential reward.


ULIPs and other insurance products involve large upfront commissions, bankers often recommend them to NRIs to boost their income in the short term. When offered a package that combines insurance and investments, which we do not recommend, you must conduct your due diligence before making any commitments.

Capital Guarantee Solution Plan

In times of economic uncertainty, the capital guarantee plan protects the investor’s initial investment. In the event of a loss in the underlying asset, the fund company will cover the shortfall under the terms of the capital guarantee fund. Insurance and investing are combined in a single Capital Guarantee Plan. Capital preservation is achieved by allocating 50-60% of the total investment into debt, with the remaining funds going into equity. The policy term is ten years, and premiums must be paid for a minimum of 5 years.

Capital guarantee plans provide the advantage of returning the premium paid at policy maturity and any other benefits accrued. Therefore, the capital gain funds want to invest primarily in safe assets that reduce risk and provide returns.

Public Provident Fund or PPF

In case you’re wondering, your PPF account, which you started while living in India, is still active. However, you cannot be eligible as a non-resident Indian (NRI) if you do not already have a PPF account. After the initial 15 years, you will not be able to contribute further to your PPF account.

Bonds and Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs)

You can purchase bonds and NCDs in India even as a non-resident alien. There is no maximum investment amount for non-resident alien (NRI) bonds in specific categories of government securities.

The three primary kinds of bonds are as follows:

PSU Bonds, or Public Sector Unit Bonds

But, if you hold PSU bonds, you are a lender to a PSU company and will be repaid with interest on a specified date. The financial stability of the PSU bond issuer influences PSU bond interest rates.

The interest generated on PSU bonds is tax-free U/S 10 (15) (IV) (h) (h). If you sell them after having them for over three years, the investment is taxed at 20 percent. Investing in capital gain bonds issued by REC and NHAI qualifies non-resident Indians for tax benefits under section 54 EC.

Non-Convertible Debentures (NCD)

Non-convertible debentures (NCDs) are long-term, low-risk investment options. They have the company’s assets as collateral.

Perpetual Bonds

There is no end date for perpetual bonds. The issuing company guarantees the investor an inevitable annual return on their investment.

Pre-IPO investment

You can purchase and sell shares of a company that is yet to be listed on a public exchange in the pre-IPO market. Private enterprises sell their shares through an investment firm that handles the transaction. The units will be put in your NRI Demat account when you buy unlisted shares.

Pre-IPO shares may have significant potential if the firm does well. However, the lack of oversight in this market means that investors take on more risk than they would in the more traditional shares market.


Investment prospects are expanding every passing day due to the development of globalization. Non-Resident Indians interested in making financial investments in India now have more opportunities to choose from than in the past. There is a great deal of variety in investment opportunities in India, but it is wise to do homework before diving in.