Almost 2000 years ago a provincial city in Italy was buried beneath a thick layer of volcanic ash. Hundreds of years later Pompeii was discovered miraculously preserved mausoleum which provides a vivid record of the life of a roman city.
A lush valley on the Peloponnese peninsula provided the backdrop for the Grecian world’s supreme festival; the Olympic games. The games were held in honor of a battle between two gods, yet they were marked by a nation wide vow of peace.
When Alexander the great’s army erupted out of Greece in the 4th century BC, the prospect of fighting the mighty forces of Pataliputra stopped it in it’s tracks. Today, little remains of the cities imperial majesty except a few eyewitness accounts.
An immense mud brick stump in present day Iraq is all that is left of Babylon’s most infamous building, the tower of babel. But the tower was once a wonder of the ancient world, in a great city that surpassed in splendor all others of its time.
- PUEBLO BONITO:
For more than 300 years the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico wrung life from their harsh environment. Beneath the towering cliffs of Chaco canyon they built their dwelling place- an apartment block of 700 rooms.
More than 4000 years ago merchant people built great cities of brick at Harappa and elsewhere in a valley of what is now Pakistan. They developed a written language that remains an enigma, and left an indelible mark on Indian culture.
For nearly 500 years the Nabataeans controlled one of the most important trade routes in the world. The remains of the capital- huge, elaborately sculptured facades- are hewn from the rose-red rock of a mountain strong hold.